The New Age of Glass
In the Renaissance of the 17th century, diamond point engraving methods were created. Glass was also greatly improved for the use of eyeglasses, telescopic lenses, and microscopes. Sweden developed temporary structures called glasshouses, using a substance called potash to create a green, glossy color.
In the Industrial Revolution, more research was done on the composition of glass, and mechanical mass production became practical. German scientist Otto Schott did painstaking research into the chemical and thermal qualities of glass, and these discoveries were followed by the development of the tank furnace, allowing for much greater quantities to be produced.
The next people to revolutionize the industry were the designers Emile Galle and Eugene Rousseau. Their work went on exhibit in Paris in 1878, and they became well-known, sharing styles influenced by Japanese art. After leaving their mark on the industry, they paved the way for the studio glass workshops that started popping up in 1962. Harvey Littleton was an engineer and chemist that used a small furnace to melt glass and create blown art. His techniques became very popular and many people adopted his methods. Today there have been several advancements in the field of glassblowing, including the tools and technology used.